What Is Virtual Private Network?

Posted By: TelcoIndo

Virtual Private Network is a network within a network. This is very popular with businesses that have people working remotely. Basically what we have here is a utilization of the network already provided by the internet. The internet infrastructure can be used as the network for remote employees to access their corporate systems.

Corporate environments have a far greater need for tight security. This is achieved by creating a VPN (virtual private network) on top of the normal internet connection. This type of connection allows for greater security and encryption.
Only authenticated users can access the corporate network and the data being transferred cannot be intercepted.

So this VPN (virtual private network) connection is being run through the internet public network.

Two components are needed to make this scenario work. First, there needs to be a corporate server setup which has the server VPN software installed (and a good router with a firewall). The next would be to have the client VPN software installed on the remote employees machines. Once the client machine is on the internet, they would use the VPN client software to communicate to the corporate server VPN where authentication occurs. Once the server identifies the connecting client as a valid machine, access to the network is granted. From then on all information to/from the client to the server is traveling along this virtual private network and is protected by the additional layer of encryption and security provided.

Finally, there can be a cost savings if determining whether a leased line or VPN is for you. Leased lines can increase in price based on the geographic distance between sites. A virtual private network does not and in fact is more scaleable. (This is a general statement ONLY. It’s best to consult with your communications broker prior to making this decision. A broker will be able to provide much more information when compared to speaking with a specific vendor)

VPN is definitely a viable option for businesses small and large that have remote employees, need site-to-site access with remote offices or secure dial-up connections.

This article is just a very general overview. You should use this only as a starting point to even determine whether or not this type of technology is for you. During your evaluation of this technology, you should consider what type of implementation your looking to do; remote access, site-to-site, secure dial-up. Additional areas to research would be security, firewalls, encryption, server type and IPSec (internet protocol security protocol).

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What Is GPS or Global Positioning System?

Posted By: TelcoIndo

GPS, or Global Positioning System has been operational since December 1993, but its history lies much further back to the 1940s when ground based navigation systems such as Decca Navigator began. This, while it planted the seed of inspiration would not take another step forward until the 1957 launch of the first Sputnik by the Soviet union showed that satellites were a possibility.

In the beginning the system was only intended for military use, but that changed in 1983 when a Soviet interceptor plane shot down a civilian aircraft in restricted Soviet space killing all on board, after the craft had mistakenly wandered off course. This was something that GPS could have prevented, and so President Reagan soon announced that GPS would be available for all once it was complete.

GPS is a satellite controlled navigation system that is used by the military and general public alike. For the general public it is a useful tool, a step forward from the one dimensional and none interactive maps that some people find difficult to read and follow. There are many different brands of GPS receivers, and they each offer different features, some of which may not even be related to GPS.

Prices for GPS devices start at around $100 for a basic device that is monochrome and hand held, and increase to more than $2000 for a larger, colour device with a greater number of features. At it’s most basic however, GPS is not a stand alone, or navigation aid.

The lower level devices would be a hand-held GPS navigation tool, such that might include preloaded maps of the country of purchase, be waterproof and have a backlit LCD screen. Or for similar pricing a basic GPS device with colour screen, voice guidance to tell you when to take what turns and onto what streets, the power to add new maps, and may have a choice of languages and choice of the voice that the GPS uses.

At around $200 you add in features such as a touch screen to your GPS device for inputting addresses and accessing menus as well as blue tooth capability. Another step up and you see features such as AAA tour books added in and automatic redirect; and important feature for a GPS navigator because you can never be sure when you will miss a turn and need to get back on track via an alternative route.

At the top end, GPS devices include such things as voice recognition, allowing you to speak your start and end points, and any points of interest in best. They might also include non-GPS features like DVD players, iPod docks and even give you traffic updates.

Though many people do not realise it, GPS receivers have been present for some time in many cell phones, and allow the phone to be traced precisely, when the police request such information. In this way GPS has been used to help find missing people, and attempts have been made to use it to help the victims of kidnapping.

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What Is Web Conference?

Posted By: TelcoIndo

Web conferencing provides a great combination of the advantages of the Internet together with voice conferencing to enable you to carry on online meetings and events like a face to face meeting with the aid of audience response tools , visuals, and other features with ease making your events and meetings productive, more interactive, entertaining and engaging through inexpensive conference calling. Web conferencing is the term which refers to conducting presentations or meetings over the Internet live. In the initial span of time for the use of Internet, the terms “computer conferencing” and “web conferencing” were generally used to specify to group discussions that were conducted within a message board (through posted messages) i.e. they were not live. But with the advancement of technology, the term has grown to refer particularly to “live” meetings, while the posted message variety of discussion is called a “message board”, “forum”, or ” company bulletin board”, since these days live discussions are more effective. One needs to have an internet connection for web conferencing. Web conferencing requires an application software that enables any user to communicate with other conferencing people using internet. This application is provided by a “host” company which charges for using it. The people involved can exchange their ideas, information and data easily and the presenter can get the feedback immediately from all the people concerned simultaneously. This can be either an application that is downloaded on each of the attendees computers or an application that is web-based where the attendees simply have to enter a “URL” or website meeting address to enter and participate in the conference or live meeting . These web applications use either Java or Flash technology for their functioning. For many individuals and businesses entities, conference calls alleviate the unnecessary cost and troubles of travel by providing a platform to contact different people at the sane time. By using this facility a person can be contacted at the best comfort. Audio conference call service systems help organizations improve communications and business processes while significantly reducing conferencing costs Tele conference calls involve telephone solutions only – no internet or web-based technology. Conference call, using standard telephone equipment and speakerphones, was a new way to reach out and connect with distant clients. Now, companies can save significant travel expenditure by using tele conferencing – get connected with 5, 10, or 50 co-workers, clients, or customers. Our expert designed solutions utilize industry standards to ensure compatibility of existing networking infrastructure. It reduces overall business travel expenses and eliminates potential risk factors to employees.. Instead of the deployment of the complete or process redevelopment or network face-lifts , a network add-on is often simpler and more effective. Conference call rates are less and even allows timely, productive and effective communications between employees , businesses, investors, suppliers, and customers on a 24 by 7 basis without any hassles or disruptions.

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What is CCTV?

Posted By: TelcoIndo

Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) is an installation of directly connected components creating a circuit which cannot be viewed by anybody outside of the circuit.

This is different to a terrestrial television broadcast system which anybody with an antenna and reception equipment can view.

Who needs a CCTV system?

CCTV systems can be found virtually everywhere in these days. They are no longer considered an expensive luxury item, especially when you consider your increased level of security.

CCTV systems can be found in both the private and commercial sector and are used for security/ crime prevention purposes and providing Health and Safety protection to the members of the general public.

You will have seen CCTV systems operating in town centres, football stadiums, high street shops, sports centres, petrol stations, on public transport – the list is endless.

A CCTV system is a proven method of increasing the level of security of your premises. Its visual appearance alone will deter a criminal from approaching or entering your property for fear of being captured and identified on the system.

CCTV solutions can be tailor made to suit individual requirements. They can be as simple as one camera and a monitor, but it is quite common to have multiple cameras/monitors and recording devices in one installation.

The Elements of a CCTV System

There are three basic elements to a CCTV system,

1. Camera
2. Lens
3. Monitor unit

The camera is the element which captures the image and transmits the picture back to a monitor. The camera needs a lens to be able to focus on the subject. There are a wide variety of lenses to suit different applications.

The monitor is the receiver unit which converts the captured image into a picture, allowing you to see it.

Colour or Monochrome?

This is a very common question, but ultimately only you can decide.

A CCTV system should be designed to suit your needs, to fit into the environment on your property. The installing company should provide guidance on the suitability of different options, features and benefits – including colour and monochrome units. It may be that you need a camera that will work in colour during the day and automatically switch to monochrome at night!


As circumstances don’t normally permit the luxury of having a dedicated person to sit and watch a monitor 24 hours a day, the image captured by the camera needs to be recorded so that it can be viewed later, if necessary.

Traditionally, this was done with a time lapse Video Cassette Recorder (VCR) which worked on the same principle as a domestic video but with the ability to record for a much longer period of time.

However, the VCR has now been superseded by the digital Hard Disk Recorder (HDR). Rather than using tapes, the HDR stores the images on to a hard disk drive similar to the way a home computer stores data.

More than one camera?!

Most systems today comprise of more than one camera, but you don’t; a monitor and recorder for each camera.

Equipment is available that will split the monitor into four separate screens displaying four cameras, or a four way sequence unit can be used which allows you to choose which camera you would like to view. Alternatively, the automatic mode it will sequence through the four cameras that are connected.

However, the most common way of controlling multiple cameras is via a multiplexer.

To keep it simple, a multiplexer incorporates the above facilities but also has the ability to individually code mark each image from each camera and because of this, a multiplexer allows all of the cameras on a system to be recorded onto one tape or hard drive unit. The multiplexer then uses these code marks to play back the recorded picture from the camera that you wish to view.

Historically multiplexers and recording units were separate pieces of equipment, but recently a number of manufactures have developed units that do both jobs.

I want……I need…….

These days, a CCTV system can be designed to fit any scenario you care to imagine, using options from the vast range of equipment available from manufactures worldwide.

For example, cameras can be internal, external, highly visible or covert. They can be static or fully controllable/movable from a remote location. You can have one camera or hundreds; you can record for one day or 21 days. With a suitable internet connection, you can even view your property when you are abroad.
Get the picture??!!!

Quality Counts

Although an avid DIY-er can buy equipment that claims to be a CCTV system from their local store, and electrical companies have jumped onto the CCTV bandwagon and will install systems too, it is always advisable to seek the advice of a specialist company.


In around 70% of cases, CCTV footage is found to be inadmissible as evidence in a Court of Law because the quality of the evidence is considered inadequate. This can result from the poor design and bad installation of the system and highlights the importance to seek professional advice from the outset

Only a specialist company who are professional in their approach and can demonstrate experience in design and installation should be approached. Most importantly, you must feel confident that the company you choose will listen to and understand your individual CCTV requirements. Their experience with lens optics and camera technology will guarantee you satisfaction with your system.

A specialist company will also ensure the best value for money , for example by using a different lens or camera mounting positions which can not only monitor the area at risk but also give an outline view of the surrounding area at the same time.

Data protection

A CCTV system must be registered in order to comply with the data protection act of 1998.

Since 24 October 2001, it has been a criminal offence to have an unregistered CCTV system that records people in a public or a private place (conditions apply).

The Code of Practice contains legally enforceable ‘Standards’ that must be met to ensure compliance with the Data Protection Act 1998.

There are also a further 30 points of good working practice which, when used in conjunction with the Standards, are designed to build and maintain public confidence in CCTV systems and to ensure that installers and users operate within the law.

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Exclusive interview with Altimo’s Senior VP, Kirill Babaev

Posted By: TelcoIndo

Altimo is one of Russia’s most prominent and biggest telecom investments companies. Can you tell us about the company’s business history?

Altimo was established 2 years ago, in 2005. The company`s assets then were worth USD 7 billion. We have been growing very rapidly since that time. Our company’s asset now amounts to USD 21 billion, it`s a three times increase compared to 2005. We have been successful in the past two years. We have acquired many new assets which in turn contribute to our success significantly.

Altimo is an experienced investment company. We only invest in assets that are in the process of developing. We help the industry to grow rapidly. However, we are not involved in the day-to-day business operation because we are simply not the experts.

I would like to emphasize that Altimo understands how to improve the business value of a company. Our role is strictly limited to giving insights and suggestions to the management.

What is Altimo’s key of success?

The cellular telephone business is growing rapidly. We all know this fact. Telecom is one of the most prospective industries in the world. We are always interested in entering emerging market countries, such as Russia, Ukraine, Turkey and of course Indonesia. These are the emerging market countries because they have been growing very rapidly in the past few years.

A key of success to enter such market is how to choose the best company and undertaking the most accurate policy to develop it. For example, Russian VimpleCom, we only own 44% of the company’s shares.

We have helped this company to strengthen its management. We helped them to find new assets in other countries. When we acquired VimpleCom, their asset was only USD 1.4 billion. Today it`s worth USD 25 billion. This is a huge increase and it is demonstrative to our success in investment. This is what we are planning to do in Indonesia.

What is the connection of Altimo with Alfa-Group? Does Alfa-Group contribute to Altimo’s success?

Alfa-Group is one of Altimo’s majority shareholders. However, we are very independent. They do not dictate or control the management. We work as an independent subsidiary of Alfa-Group. Alfa-Group owns about 75% of Altimo’s shares and the rest is owned by individuals.

Altimo recently acquired Sotelco’s shares, a Cambodian telecom company. Is this Altimo’s initial step to enter the Asian region?

If we mean acquisition, yes it`s our first step. Sotelco is the company with full-pack licenses including GSM, broadband and WiMax. However we have entered this region earlier by launching our representation offices in Hanoi and Jakarta in Autumn 2006. Southeast Asia is an extremely attractive investment market in comparison with European markets which are already mature. If we take France and England, the penetration level of cellular phone has reached 100%. This means that everybody in the region has already used cellular phone. While in Indonesia, the penetration level has only reached 30%. So there is still a great potential of the market to develop. This is what we’re looking for. We will come and help Indonesian cellular industry to grow faster.

What is the difference of investment in Indonesia and in Cambodia?

Cambodian market is small in comparison to your country, only around 20-25 million people. But this market is at initial stage of its development, that’s why we are also there. But from the point of potential it can not be even compared to Indonesian market. So it’s clear that our investments will be essentially higher than in Cambodia.

How would Altimo invest in Indonesia?

We are considering a few options. We are still negotiating with several parties which piqued our interests. We have not yet identified the projects that we are going to work on in Indonesia. We will make a decision soon. Some of the options that we are going to consider are to invest in existing companies or to establish a new telecom company. We will have to select the right partner and project. This usually takes time.

How does Altimo view the Indonesian market?

It is similar on how we view Russia, especially from the business and political environment. We like Indonesian bureaucracy because it reminds us about our home country (smiling). I hope it would be easy to work/invest in Indonesia.

How much would Altimo’s potential investment value in Indonesia be?

We plan to invest more than USD 2 billion. Certainly we will focus on mobile telecommunications.

Can you tell in details of the new big project?

We cannot reveal anything as the negotiation process is underway. If we sign any agreement, we will definitely make an announcement. We are now on a discussion with a potential partner here. It takes time for us to learn about Indonesian market, as what any party should do when entering a new market.

So there is a possibility that Altimo will not be investing in existing companies, but to establish new projects?

Yes, there is such a possibility. There are a lot of investment options in Indonesia. We are still considering the many business opportunities; whether to invest in existing companies or to establish a new one. We haven’t come up with any decision just yet.

How long do you think it would take to learn about the Indonesian market?

I think next year (2008), we will make some decisions.

If Altimo is to invest in an existing company, what would be Altimo’s investment strategy?

We share our experience how to grow with our new investee companies. For example in Turkish leading GSM operator Turkcell we helped to drive several changes in the company, such as recruiting new very professional CEO. We also found several new projects for Turkcell in other countries. The business value of the company is now increasing rapidly. The company is developing greatly as well. However, bear in mind that we never dictate what they should or should not do.

We only looked for the right projects and the right CEO for them. We made the decision because we understand how to increase a company’s business value. For example, the company could only book a USD 1 billion profit, and we know how to increase it to USD 3 billion.

How many players are there in Turkey’s cellular business?

There are three major players in Turkey, similar to the condition in Indonesia. Turkcell controls about 65% of the market share.

Which one is more attractive to Altimo, to invest in an existing company or to establish a new one?

That would depend on the business logics. We will consider all options using business logics. How much the investment will benefit us is hard to say. We will consider everything and select one project that is most suitable to work on in Indonesia. This is not easy as it involves a huge investment value. We are not talking about a IDR 2000 investment value, we are talking USD 2 billion.

If we talk about Indonesian telecom companies, such as Indosat, Telkomsel, and XL. Which one is the most attractive to Altimo?

That is hard to say. Did you hear that any one of the three companies is on sale? I haven’t heard anything about that.

But Altimo has been heavily rumored to be interested in acquiring Indosat?

It’s not wise to comment speculations, right? We will only make a purchase if any party is interested in selling. However, for now there is no such option unfortunately.

What do you think about GSM and CDMA cellular business?

GSM is a lot more prospective to be developed. It is easier to build the network and is easier to reap benefits from. GSM’s market share is a log bigger than CDMA. We are also considering investing in 3G service.

For now, we don’t think we would enter the CDMA market. We intend to develop cellular markets in various countries. That is one of the reasons why we wanted to enter Southeast Asia region, including to Indonesia and Vietnam. We see that Southeast Asia market is very attractive.

Indonesia imposes limitation towards foreign ownership in the telecom sector. What do you think about this?

That is true but this does not concern us. In all our companies we are minority shareholders because we are financial investors and industrial players like Vodafone or Telenor. We don’t aim to intervene the management through our shares ownership. In several countries, we only have about 13-15% of shares. Therefore, the limitation does not become an obstacle for us.

Can you mention the name of your local partner?

We cannot disclose anything because the negotiation process is still underway and no decision has been made yet. We cannot announce to the public on our local partner as we are still negotiating.

How do you see Indonesian market compared to other Asian countries?

Well, actually we have designed Altimo index which measures the potential of various telecom markets in the world. In this ranking list the 1st market was  Bangladesh, then followed China, India, and Indonesia was on the 4th place. But it’s clear that Indonesia here has more perspective because for example China has closed its cellular market for foreigners, in India competition is extremely high so Indonesia is right choice.

Southeast Asia has already one big player in the industry, Temasek. What would be you comment to this fact?

They (Temasek) are very successful. Temasek is one of the most dominant players in the Asia region, like Altimo in the CIS countries. Actually in the near future, the telecom industry will be consolidated. I guess there will only be 20 big telecom companies in the world. We intend to become like Vodafone who has gained international reputation.

What is the significance of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s meeting with President SBY to the development of Altimo’s business?

We were not in the meeting. However, from what we read in the papers today (last Friday), SBY and Putin discussed about the telecom sector. In the Indonesia-Russia Business Forum, President Putin also said that he supported Russian telecom companies to invest in the telecom sector in Indonesia. That bodes us well.

Are you sure that Altimo is going to be successful in Indonesia?

I am very optimistic. We have never encountered failure so far.

How long is your target until Altimo starts reaping benefits in Indonesia?

We are a long-term investor. So far, we are in investigation phase here. It’s not our philosophy to come and then flee out of the country once we reap benefits. We expect to have a long-term project in Indonesia.

Source : www.altimo.org

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Positive Outlook for Indonesian Telecom Industry in 2011

Posted By: TelcoIndo

Fitch Ratings has today said the positive outlook for the Indonesian telecommunications sector in 2011 is based on its expectation for the competitive environment to remain benign, for ongoing subscriber growth to yield revenue growth in the mid-to-high single digit range, and for a limited decline in subscriber average revenue per minute (ARPM). Indonesia’s telecom firms’ leverage ratios are likely to improve on restrained capex and lower debt, while liquidity is expected to remain comfortable given adequate access to capital markets and strong pre-dividend free cash flows.

Key issues for the industry in the year ahead include a maturing voice market, potentially negative regulatory initiatives and initial steps by the operators to develop the nascent broadband market. Indonesia’s wireless market is fast maturing with adjusted (for multi-SIM) penetration now around 70%. Fitch notes however that 2011 may be the last year of high subscriber growth of around 25 million to 30 million (2009: 33 million; 2008: 56.6 million).

Indonesia’s regulator is expected to take two major initiatives in 2011 – firstly, it will lower interconnect rates, and secondly it will calculate frequency fees based on bandwidth rather than on a base transceiver station (BTS) basis. Indonesia’s broadband penetration is among the lowest in the region, and has lagged behind Asian peers such as Singapore and Malaysia. Broadband penetration is expected to pick up in 2011 with the launch of 3G services by most operators. 3G adoption will be sensitive on the tariffs and handset penetration in the industry.

Fitch notes that consolidation in the wireless sector is about to start with the potential merger of PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia’s (Telkom) CDMA “Flexi” business and PT Bakrie Telecom later this year. Fitch notes that Bakrie’s rating of ‘B’ with a Stable Outlook would be positively affected by the merger, depending on the final terms and conditions. Following this transaction, the resulting entity would be almost double its size in terms of subscribers and revenues, and will command almost 94% of the CDMA subscriber market, and 12.5% of the overall (GSM and CDMA) wireless market. The consolidation is likely to have a limited impact on Telkom’s rating, as its current rating of ‘BB+’/Stable is effectively capped by the Republic of Indonesia’ sovereign rating, given that it is majority-state-owned.

Fitch also notes that tower-sharing industry has found its feet in Indonesia with major telcos focusing on cost control, and thereby leasing towers rather than building them. The regulator has also pushed operators to share towers. Two strong independent tower companies (PT Sarana Menara Nusantara and PT Tower Bersama) have emerged, and Fitch is positive on their prospects – with strong cash flow visibility based on water-tight long-term contracts with telecom operators, and strong EBITDA margins.

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Temasek Pays $1.7 Million Indonesia Telecom Fine

Posted By: TelcoIndo

In a statement, Temasek confirmed paying the fine imposed by Indonesia’s Business Competition Supervisory Commission, or KPPU.

Singapore state investment firm Temasek Holdings said Friday it had paid a 15 billion rupiah ($1.7 million) fine imposed for breaching anti-competition laws in Indonesia’s telecoms sector.

The commission ruled in November 2007 that Temasek was guilty of anti-competitive behaviour through its stakes in Indonesia’s two biggest domestic mobile phone operators, PT Telkomsel and PT Indosat.

Temasek said it made the payment in compliance with an Indonesian Supreme Court ruling that upheld the commission’s decision, but maintained it has “never been involved” in any irregularity.

Analysts said Temasek decided to pay the fine to avoid damaging further investment in Indonesia.

“I think that they clearly are looking to Indonesia as a potentially lucrative market for their investments,” said David Cohen , director of Asian economic forecasting at Action Economics.

He told AFP it was easier for Temasek to pay the fine and “get on with things”.
Indonesia, a resource-rich country that is Southeast Asia’s biggest economy, is seen as a key emerging market by investors.

The Indonesian economy grew 6.1 per cent in 2010, making it among the best performers in the Group of 20 rich and developing countries.

The fine on Temasek is part of a total of 150 billion rupiah in penalties imposed on the Singapore state-linked investment firm and related companies by Indonesian authorities.

Temasek and nine other companies affected by the KPPU ruling, including Telkomsel, were each fined 15 billion rupiah.

In addition to the fine, the KPPU ordered Temasek to divest its holdings in either PT Telkomsel or PT Indosat.

Singapore Technologies Telemedia, a wholly-owned unit of Temasek, sold off its interest in PT Indosat to business partner Qatar Telecom in June 2009.

Temasek indirectly holds 35 per cent of Telkomsel via its 56-per cent owned unit Singapore Telecommunications Ltd. (SingTel).

One of the world’s largest sovereign wealth funds, the collective value of Temasek’s global investments reached Sg$186 billion as of end March 2010.

It also holds stakes in many of Singapore’s leading companies, including Singapore Airlines and Singapore Telecom.

In Friday’s statement, Temasek senior managing director for strategic relations Goh Yong Siang said the company decided to pay the fine because it is a “long-term investor with a policy of complying with laws and regulations in all relevant jurisdictions”.

But he maintained that Temasek “has never been involved in the operational or pricing decisions of PT Telkomsel or PT Indosat, and has not contravened Indonesia’s anti-monopoly laws”.

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broadband satellite Internet

Posted By: TelcoIndo

When you have a need for telecommunications, broadband satellite Internet is the only want to go. You need a high-speed connection to use the video equipment properly. If you have a DSL or cable hook up, you might find the telecommuting with video a little lapsed in time. You want real time conferencing without a delay. The newer equipment today for talking face to face with friends, a family member or business associate is important with the cost of transportation today. People want something that can keep them in touch that is reliable and fast.

Broadband satellite Internet is the only way to use video and phone equipment without worrying about delayed and dropped communications. Most of the equipment for Voip and teleconferencing today requires a high-speed Internet connection to work properly. The images and voice are transmitted over the Internet in digital form and converted back to image and voice when the recipient receives it. In order for this to work in real time, you need a fast connection speed. If you are using dial up, cable or DSL, you may see a lapse in communications that can be confusing for those sending and receiving the communication.

Many people are finding out that broadband satellite Internet is the only way to work from home in many areas that do not have DSL or cable available. If the work requires a dedicated phone line, Voip is the way to go for many. Unfortunately, if the person is using a slow connection the call can be delayed, which causes problems if you are a home phone operator. Although, not all calling centers will accept satellite Internet as a way to work, more and more companies are finding out that satellite is more reliable then other means of connecting to the Internet.

Networking is easier with broadband satellite Internet as well. People who network can use the same service as the main computer in the home. This means there is no extra equipment needed to network. You can have more than one computer hooked up to satellite Internet without any problems. If you need something fast and reliable, satellite is the way to achieve speed. Dial up is much to slow for the newer computers and networking, but satellite lets you achieve the speed you need and makes the computer perform the way you intended it to when you bought it.

Anyone who needs television reception and satellite Internet should consider one of the top rated service providers. The best way to select the best provide is to check connection speeds, download and upload times as well as reliability of the service. If you have access to the southern sky, with no obstacles in direct line of the satellite dish, you can start receiving high-speed Internet as soon as you call and set up an appointment for installation. Even some older computers will come alive with high-speed Internet. You just need the right service and reliability to use the Internet with speed.

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What Is VoIP?

Posted By: TelcoIndo

What is VoIP?  Is it useful, or inexpensive? The answer is that VoIP is Voice over Internet Protocol. Voice over the Internet allows connections all over the world. It is one way to have a free pc to phone international call. In other words it is a phone call from pc. Yes, it is useful, and it is inexpensive, especially if you like the word free. Some Voice over Internet service may allow you to only call anyone who has the same service, but some will allow a phone call to anyone with a telephone number including international numbers.

Easy Free PC To Phone International Call
Voice over Internet Protocol allows the converting of your voice into a digital signal that travels over the Internet. If you are calling a regular phone number, using a broadband service, the signal is converted to a regular telephone signal before it reaches the destination.  In layman’s terms you are using your Personal Computer via a modem or phone adapter to connect to the Internet, and the receiving person will answer via PC or telephone. This allows the free pc to phone international call. This all happens with this broadband Internet connection instead of a regular or analog phone line.

The equipment needed to make this happen are a broadband high speed Internet connection.  A computer, adapter or other specialized phone is required. Some Voice over Internet Protocol services only work over your computer or a special VoIP phone, while there are other services that allow you to use a traditional phone connected to a VoIP adapter. If you are going to use your computer as a phone call from pc then you will need to have some software and an inexpensive microphone. Some special VoIP phones plug directly into your broadband connection and operate largely like a traditional telephone. If you use a telephone with an adapter, then you will use the phone like you always have.

In order to make the VoIP free pc to phone international call you must make certain that your Internet provider will allow you to make those calls. It comes down to what your subscription service will allow on their services. Check into that before you decide if VoIP is right for you. One of the advantages of VoIP is that you may be able to avoid paying for both a broadband connection and a traditional telephone line, which will save you money. More so if you are able to make a phone call from pc. If you are traveling overseas or to another country you may take your phone and adapter with you, and connect to another computer. This makes you able to use your same provider to make phone calls back home.

The disadvantages are that the VoIP will not work during power outages and the service provider may not offer backup power. Not all VoIP service connects directly with emergency services such as 9-1-1. Nor will some providers offer directory assistance or white page listings. These seem to be the downfall of having VoIP service. The computer does not have to be turned on for the VoIP to work, but the broadband connection must be active or live. The other piece of news is that you can use both the computer and the VoIP phone service at the same time. Yes, this is one good way of making your free pc to phone international call.

The option is for you to check with your Internet service provider. Make certain you have all software and possible adapters, as well as the broadband connection. With the right equipment you will be able to make a free pc to phone international call. If you are attending school, working overseas, or checking on the family back home, then VoIP is a wonderful tool to connect with loved ones, and special people. This is a way to have your free pc to phone international call. The tools are available. Your next step is to set up your computer and Internet service provider for a Voice over Internet Protocol.

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What Is A Router

Posted By: TelcoIndo

Router is a computer device that receives or forwards data packets to and from the Internet towards a destination in the process called routing. Router is the essential component of the computer networking that enables any sent data to arrive at the right destination.

As an illustration, imagine that the Internet is the world and one computer is one household. Other computers connected through the Internet are households around the world. Say one household will send a letter to another household in any part of the world. The letter has an address right? And that address would determine the destination of the letter. But without one reading the address, the letter would not arrive to the right receiver. The letter also would not be able to reach the intended receiver if there is not medium. This medium would be the courier. And the courier of the computer data is the router.

A router (broadband router) is also a device that enables two or more computer to receive data packets from the Internet under one IP address at the same time.

Remember that to be able to connect to the Internet, a computer must have an IP address unique from the rest of the computers. Therefore, every computer connected to the Internet has it own IP address. It is like having a fingerprint or ID as an access pass to be able to enter the web. With the presence of the router, this “fingerprint” or “ID” could be shared by two or more computer at the same time.

In simplest form, a router makes two or more computer use the Internet at the same with one access pass.

One more thing: a computer with cable modem could also be considered as a router. In this, the computer would do the process of routing like normal routers do. Other computers are then connected to the computer with Internet connection that would give it with the Internet connection. The computer with cable modem has the direct contact with the Internet and the ones connected to it are sharing the connection.

Why would anyone need a router?

For households with two or more computers who would want to have Internet connection to every computers they have, taking subscription for each would be too much. The solution is to buy a router that would enable every computer in the house to have an Internet connection. In the definition above, the broadband router would act as a hub to the existing Internet connection.

If the router is comparable to a hub, would it affect the Internet speed?

It should be taken into consideration that once a single Internet connection is divided, the connection speed is affected. But there are some broadband routers that would bring minimal slowdown to the Internet speed and the effect might not even be big.

Internet speed would also depend on the type of application used in a router. While some would inflict little effect on the speed like online games, others would terribly slowdown your connection and even hinder you to use the Internet at all.

Usually, offices use a more sophisticated router to redirect Internet connections to the large number of computers. These routers would give better data packeting compared to a typical router used at home that results to faster Internet speed.

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Introduction To Fiber Optics Technology

Posted By: TelcoIndo

Understanding how fiber optics are made and function for uses in everyday life is an intriguing work of art combined with science. Fiber optics has been fabricated from materials that transmit light and are made from a bundle of very thin glass or plastic fibers enclosed in a tube. One end is at a source of light and the other end is a camera lens, used to channel light and images around the bends and corners. Fiber optics have a highly transparent core of glass, or plastic encircled by a covering called “cladding”. Light is stimulated through a source on one end of the fiber optic and as the light travels through the tube, the cladding is there to keep it all inside. A bundle of fiber optics may be bent or twisted without distorting the image, as the cladding is designed to reflect these lighting images from inside the surface. This fiber optic light source can carry light over mass distances, ranging from a few inches to over 100 miles.

There are two kinds of fiber optics. The single-mode fiber optic is used for high speed and long distance transmissions because they have extremely tiny cores and they accept light only along the axis of the fibers. Tiny lasers send light directly into the fiber optic where there are low-loss connectors used to join the fibers within the system without substantially degrading the light signal. Then there are multi-mode which have much larger cores and accept light from a variety of angles and can use more types of light sources. Multi-mode fiber optics also use less expensive connectors, but they cannot be used over long distances as with the single-mode fiber optics.

Fiber optics have a large variety of uses. Most common and widely used in communication systems, fiber optic communication systems have a variety of features that make it superior to the systems that use the traditional copper cables. The use of fiber optics with these systems use a larger information-carrying capacity where they are not hassled with electrical interference and require fewer amplifiers then the copper cable systems. Fiber optic communication systems are installed in large networks of fiber optic bundles all around the world and even under the oceans. Many fiber optic testers are available to provide you with the best fiber optic equipment.

In fiber optic communication systems, lasers are used to transmit messages in numeric code by flashing on and off at high speeds. This code can constitute a voice or an electronic file containing, text, numbers, or illustrations, all by using fiber optics. The light from many lasers are added together onto a single fiber optic enabling thousands of currents of data to pass through a single fiber optic cable at one time. This data will travel through the fiber optics and into interpreting devices to convert the messages back into the form of its original signals. Industries also use fiber optics to measure temperatures, pressure, acceleration and voltage, among an assortment of other uses.

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